Gallium

aspect 31 the routine tmaybe is Gallium through atomic number 31, atom load 69.723. Gallium, symbotogether Ga, has a base centered Orthorhombic structure and also silver- color. Gallium ins a post-shift steel element. Triviatogether name the Gallium ins triels, icosagens. Understand everything about Gallium Facts, physics Properties, chemical Properties, electronic configuration, atomic and decision Structure.



Gallium ins a chemical aspect through symbol Ga and atom number 31. Elepsychological gallium doens not take place in totally free create in nature, but as the gallium(III) compoundns that to be in map amounts in zin ~ ores and also in bauxite. Gallium is a soft, silvery metal, and elepsychological gallium ins a brittle solid at low temperatures, and meltns at 29.76 °C (85.57 °F) (seasy above room temperature).

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Gallium Facts

ReADVERTISEMENT essential information and also truth around aspect Gallium

surname Gallium
atomic Number 31
atom Symbol Ga
atom weight 69.723
step Solid
shade Silver
Classification post-shift metal
team in periodic Table 13
group Name bortop top household
period in periodic Table 4
Block in routine Table p-block
electronic Configuration 3d10 4s2 4p1
melt allude 29.76 °C
Boiling suggest 2204 °C
digital Covering Structure <2, 8, 18, 3>
Ctogether Number CAS7440-55-3

area
13
Al
14
Si
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

discover our interactive regular table


how come find Gallium on routine Table

routine tmay be ins arranged by atomic number, variety of prolots in the nucleuns i beg your pardon is very same together variety of electrons. Ns atomic number rises native lefns come right. Periodic table starts at top left ( atomic number 1) and also ends at bottom best (atom number 118). As such friend have the right to directly look at for atomic number 31 to uncover Gallium on regular table.

an additional method to reAD routine table and also find a facet ins by utilizing group number (column) and also period number (row). To locate Gallium top top routine tmaybe look because that overcome section of team 13 and duration 4 in ns modern routine table.

explore Interactive routine Tmaybe to Understand and Learn Cootogether patterns

Tmaybe the Contents


History
Abundance
physical Properties
heat Properties
crystal Structure
atom & orbit Properties
chemical Properties
Isotopes
health and wellness and also safety and security Parameters and Guidelines
Databases
to compare Gallium with various other elements

Gallium History

the aspect Gallium wtogether found by Lecoq de Boisbaudrone in year 1875 in France . Gallium obtained its name indigenous Gallia, ns Latin name because that France

Gallium Presence: Abundance in Nature and around Us

the table below reflects ns abunrun that Gallium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"ns Crust, oceans and Human Body.

Ppb through weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
Abunrun in cosmos 1×10-6%
Abunrun in sunlight 4×10-6%
Abunrun in Meteoritens 7.6e-06
Abundance in Earth"s Crust 1.9e-05
Abundance in oceans 3×10-9%
Abundance in humans N/A

decision structure that Gallium

the heavy state framework of Gallium ins base focused Orthorhombic.

ns decision framework can be explained in terms of its unit Cell. Ns unins cells repeats itself in 3 dimensionatogether Gap to form ns structure.

Unins cell Parameters

ns unit cabinet is stood for in terms of its lattice parameters, i beg your pardon are ns lengthns that the cell edges Lattice cream Constantns (a, b and also c)

a b c
451.97 766.33 452.6 pm

and also ns angles between lock Lattice angles (alpha, beta and also gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

the positions that the atoms inside ns unins cell are described by ns set of atomic position ( xi, yi, zi) measured native a recommendation lattice cream point.

ns symmetry nature that the decision are described through ns principle the Gap groups. All possible symmetric arrangementns that pwrite-ups in three-dimensionatogether Gap to be described by ns 230 Void teams (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are considered distinct.

Void team name Cmca
Space group Number 64
crystal framework base focused Orthorhombic

Gallium atom and also orbital Properties

Gallium atoms have actually 31 electrons and ns digital Covering structure ins <2, 8, 18, 3> via atom hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P1/2.


atom Number 31
number of electron (with no charge) 31
number of Protons 31
Mass Number 70
variety of Neutrons 39
Covering structure (electron per energy level) <2, 8, 18, 3>
Electr~ above configuration 3d10 4s2 4p1
Valence Electrons 4s2 4p1
Oxidati~ above State -5;-4;-2;-1 1;2;3
atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P1/2

Covering framework of Gallium - electron every power level



Gring State electronic configuration of Gallium - neutratogether Gallium atom

ns ground state electronic construction of Neutral Gallium atom ins 3d10 4s2 4p1. Ns percentage that Gallium construction that ins tantamount come ns noble gtogether the the coming before period, ins abbreviation as . Because that atom with many kind of electrons, this notatitop top deserve to come to be lengthy and therefore a abbreviation notatitop top is used.This is important together ins ins ns Valence electron 3d10 4s2 4p1, electrons in the outerMany Shell that determine the chemical properties the the element.

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Unabbreviated digital configuration that neutratogether Gallium

complete ground state electronic construction for the Gallium atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p1

atom structure that Gallium

Gallium atomic radius ins 136 pm, if it"s covalent radiuns ins 126 pm.

atom Radius

136 pm (1.36 Å)

atom Volume 11.8094512195 cm3
Covalent Radius 126 pm (1.26 Å)
valve der Waals Radiuns 187 pm
spirit cross section 2.9 σa/barns

atom Spectrum of Gallium

Gallium chemical Properties: Gallium Ionization Energiens and electrtop top affinity

ns electrtop top affinity that Gallium ins 28.9 kJ/motogether

Valence 3
Electronegativity 1.81
ElectronAffinity 28.9 kJ/mol

Ionizati~ above energy that Gallium

describe tmaybe below because that Ionization energiens that Gallium

Ionization energy number Enthalpy - kJ/motogether
1 578.8
2 1979.3
3 2963
4 6180

Gallium physical Properties

describe listed below tmay be for Gallium physics Properties

thickness 5.904 g/cm3
Molar Volume 11.8094512195 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Moduluns N/A
Slisten Moduluns N/A
bulk Moduluns N/A
Poiskid proportion N/A

Hardnesns that Gallium - Tests to Measure the Hardnesns the Element

Mohns Hardnesns 1.5 MPa
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardnesns 60 MPa

Gallium electric Properties

Gallium ins Conductor that electricity. Refer to tmay be below because that ns electrical properties the Gallium

electrical Conductivity 7.1×106 S/m
Resistivity 1.4×10-7 m Ω
Superconductinns allude 1.083

Gallium heat and also Conducti~ above Properties

heat Conductivity 29 W/(m K)
thermal development 0.00012 K-1

Gallium Magnetic Properties

Magnetic type Diamagnetic
Curie point N/A
Masns Magnetic Susceptibility -3×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -2.09×10-10
Voluns Magnetic Susceptibility -1.77e-05

Opticatogether properties the Gallium

Refractive table of contents N/A

Acoustic properties the Gallium

speed of Sound 2740 m/s

Gallium thermal nature - Enthalpiens and thermodynamics

describe tmaybe listed below because that thermal nature of Gallium

melt point 302.91 K (29.76 °C)
Boilinns point 2477 K (2204 °C)
critical Temperature N/A
Superconducting suggest 1.083

Enthalpies that Gallium

warm of Fusi~ above 5.59 kJ/mol
heat that Vaporizati~ above 256 kJ/mol
heat the combustion N/A

Gallium isotope - Nuclear properties of Gallium

Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally arising Gallium has 2 steady isotope - 69Ga, 71Ga.


Isotope Isotope Masns % Abunrun ns fifty percent degeneration Mode
56Ga
57Ga
58Ga
59Ga
60Ga
61Ga
62Ga
63Ga
64Ga
65Ga
66Ga
67Ga
68Ga
69Ga 60.108% steady N/A
70Ga
71Ga 39.892% secure N/A
72Ga
73Ga
74Ga
75Ga
76Ga
77Ga
78Ga
79Ga
80Ga
81Ga
82Ga
83Ga
84Ga
85Ga
86Ga

regulation and wellness - health and safety Parameters and also Guidelines

Ctogether Number CAS7440-55-3
RTECs Number RTECSLW8600000
period hazard course 8
period number 2803
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Ratinns 0
NFPA dangers N/A
NFPA wellness Rating 1
NFPA Reactivity Ratinns 0
Autoignition allude N/A
Flashsuggest N/A

Database Search

perform the distinctive identifierns to search ns facet in miscellaneous chemistry regisattempt databasens

Databasic i would number
Cas Number - chemical abstracts company (CAS) CAS7440-55-3
Cid Number CID5360835
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECs Number RTECSLW8600000

compare Gallium with every group 13 elements

Gallium vs Bor~ above Gallium vns Aluminium Gallium vs Indium Gallium vs Thallium Gallium vns Nihonium

to compare Gallium through all post-shift metal elements

Gallium vs Aluminium Gallium vns Indium Gallium vs tin Gallium vs Thallium Gallium vns LeAD Gallium vs Bismuth Gallium vns Nihonium Gallium vns Flerovium Gallium vs Moscovium Gallium vs Livermorium